Identifying Insects for your Collection
Once you catch your insects, you will need to identify them for your collection. In some cases, identifying to the order is sufficient, but in other cases you might want to be more specific. I typically identify my insect specimens down to the family and common name. I recommend you invest in a good set of field guides that identify to the major families. I like 1The Peterson Field Guide Series1 because it uses specific anatomical identifiers like tarsal segments and wing ventilation. I also recommend a field microscope with a magnification of 60x to 100x. Another excellent resource for identifying specimens is www.bugguide.net. In fact, BugGuide.net is probably the resource I use most in identifying insects down to the genes and species.
Once I have identified the specimen, I then prepare the labels. I use 2 labels on my pins. The first label, just below the specimen, contains all of the collecting data ie, date found, location, and who collected it. The second label contains the common name. I seldom use a third label, but when I do it contains the genes and species.
Diversity of life
Our living world is filled with diversity. At least 1.7 million different living organisms have been discovered, and more are being discovered every day. Of all the different types of living organisms discovered, more than half of them are insects, Some scientist believe that there could be as many as 10 million different species of insects. With all this diversity in, on, and around our world, there needs to be an efficient way to categorize the
How Do we Categorize Living Organisms?
Taxonomy is the science of the classification. Each discovered living organism is given a scientific name and that is the name used by scientist world wide. Some organisms are also known locally by one or more common names. and some common names describe more than one type of organism. A water Bug, for example is used to describe both the Smokey-brown Cockroach and a type of water insect. Scientist use scientific names to avoid confusion. Below is an example of the scientific classification (the taxonomy) of a type of Honey Bee found in North America North of Mexico.
- Kingdom – Animalia
- Phylum – Arthropoda
- Class – Insecta
- Order – Hymenoptera
- Family – Apidae
- Genes Apis
- Species – mellifera
Variations in Labeling your specimen
How an insect specimen is pinned has a lot to do with your own preferences. Certain projects like 4-H collections or school project collections have very specific guidelines that are usually spelled out in their handbooks or handouts. Many professional collections have very tiny print on tiny labels so they can hold more specimens in one display box.
I use 2 labels. The top label contains the date collected, the location collected and the collectors name. This is the top label because it contains the first and most important information that I know about a specimen I have collected.The top label is most important because it contains information that can be easily lost forever. Information on the bottom label can be looked up at any time as long as you still have the specimen. Later, when I have identified the specimen, I put on the bottom label. The bottom label contains the Family and common name. One variation for me is sometimes I use the scientific name instead of the common name. Sometimes I use both common name and scientific name using a 3rd label.